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An old Australian cooking apple. Good regular cropper and a useful general purpose cooker.
Origin: Australia, 1870
Pollination: Bismarck is partially self-fertile and would produce some crop without a pollinator but would benefit considerably from a pollinator.
History and description of Bismarck
An old Australian variety dating from c1870 which is believed to have either originated at the German settlement of Bismarck in Tasmania or raised by F Fricke, a German settler at Carisbrooke, Victoria. Awarded RHS First Class Certificate 1887. Grown in Victoria and also in Europe until 1930's.
Medium to large, short-round-conical fruit. Bright red flush and stripes over green skin. Crisp, juicy, white astringent flesh. High Vitamin C content. Cooks to a golden yellow, well flavoured puree.
Moderately vigorous, spreading tree. Good cropper. Heavy crops require thinning to get good and even sized fruit.